Are you often pondering on a question as a foreign language learner that what is a Standard English accent?
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As far as the teaching of English pronunciation to foreign learners is concerned, the choice of a model accent has traditionally been limited to what can be considered the two “standard” accents in Great Britain and the USA.
General American is the pronunciation used by the majority of the population of the United States
Named General American accent
In Britain, the accent traditionally considered to be the standard pronunciation model is known as Received Pronunciation or General British accent.
Brits and American accents differ in terms of the sound of short-o‘s.
The short-o, of course, the curious little vowel sounds in words like lot, rod and top.
In Received Pronunciation (Standard British), short-o is typically an open back rounded vowel,
Whereas in American English (General American) it is an open back unrounded vowel (IPA ɑ)
In simple words, hot is “hawt” in British English, but “haht” in American English.
General American accent speakers are Rhotic accent speakers that pronounce a rhotic consonant-r in words like car, bar, far, hard, farm, and first. non-rhotic speakers such as the ones with a standard British accent do not articulate the /r/ in all of such words.
In standard British accent we have a Broad vowel /ɑː/, in BATH: after, past, vast, ask.
However, in a General American accent BATH has the same /æ/ as TRAP.
However, there are also words which are pronounced with /å:/ in both accents, e.g., father, palm, balm, part, start, large, card, etc.
There is a strong suffix vowel –ile in hostile, fragile, futile, etc pronounced in Standard British accent as against a weak suffix vowel -ile in General American accent
On the contrary, there is a strong suffix vowel –ary as in momentary in General American accent as against a weak suffix vowel –ary as in momentary in Standard British Accent
One of the most typical features of the General American accent concerns the realization of /t/ between vowels where /t/ is pronounced as a quick tap and sounds almost like a /d/ such as unforgettable (rhymes with incredible) as against a standard British accent.
In standard British accent the “O” sound in words such as no, go have a central starting point [əʊ].
In General American accent, the starting point of this diphthong varies a great deal, but is generally more back and rounded – – /ou/ such as no and go.
The yod semivowel /j/ is retained after /t, d, n/, sometimes after /s, z/: during, new, supernatural in a standard British accent
While often there is no /j/ after /t, d, n/or /s/: during super in General American accent
Well, the General American and Standard British accent differ in some other ways too but the ones discussed above are prominently noticeable in general conversations.
I am sure that you must have enjoyed the lesson.
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