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I am your facilitator TIMIR

 

The moment that you all have been eagerly waiting for has finally arrived.

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Do you know that as a child we start learning a language by hearing the common sounds in that language?

In fact, this is the natural way of learning the words in English too

The simple reason that most of the non-native speakers are unable to comprehend the correct pronunciation of most of the basic English words correctly

Is because of the difference in the linguistic patterns in their native language

This is popularly known as Phonemic Orthography

What is Phonemic Orthography?

It is a branch of Linguistics which identifies the

Correspondence between the Graphemes or in simple words the letters or alphabets of any language

And its phonemes or sounds of the language

To put in simple words, in an ideal phonemic orthography

Phonemic sounds always correspond to their spellings in a predictable way

But in an irregular phonemic orthography, phonemic sounds do not always correspond to their spellings in a predictable way

Taking an example

THE words Feat and Feet

Have different spellings with the different meanings but have the same pronunciation

While the language in most of the non-native English speaking countries follows an ideal orthographic pattern or in simple words the spellings of the words always correspond to their phonemic sounds in a predictable way

Taking a few examples of some popular non-native languages like Hindi, Bengali, Bahasa  or even Malay which follow an ideal Phonemic orthographic pattern whereby the letters of the words correspond to their phonemes or sounds in a predictable way

Well let’s dive deep in to these amazing English Linguistic Patterns by understanding some basic spelling rules

Today I will begin with the Vowel letters and their widely used phonemic or sound patterns in English

To begin with we can divide the 5 English vowel letters in to 10 commonly used vowel sounds

5 Short vowel sounds

As well as

5 Long vowel sounds

I will try to explain you these vowel sounds in English with some example words to make these sounds more familiar in terms of their usage

 

SHORT’ A’ SOUND AS IN BAT

SHORT ‘E’ SOUND AS IN BED

SHORT ‘I’ SOUND AS IN FIT

SHORT ‘O’ SOUND AS IN ROD

SHORT ‘U’ SOUND AS IN CUP

 

LONG “A” SOUND AS IN VEIN

LONG ‘E’ SOUND AS IN FEED

LONG ‘I’ SOUND AS IN HIGH

LONG “O” SOUND AS IN FOOD

LONG “U” SOUND AS IN BLUE

Isn’t it amazing?

Now let’s switch on to most important part of the lesson which is about

The impact of these vowel sounds on the pronunciation of different words

The first impact is on what is popularly known as SYLLABLE STRESS in English pronunciation

So, what is syllable stress?

It is that part of the word on which one should stress more while pronouncing a word

Well, there are some easy techniques to figure out the number of syllables in a word

Usually each vowel separates each syllable in any word

Word stress is always on a vowel in a word

Example being the word TRAFFIC where we stress on the vowel letter sound ‘A’

Now having understood about that what is syllable stress we can discuss

Some useful spelling rules to understand the correct sound of each vowel in terms of its position

  • Short-Vowel Rule: When one-syllable words have a vowel in the middle, the vowel usually has a short sound. Examples: cat, dog, man, hat, mom, dad, got. If the letter after the vowel is f, l, or s, this letter is often doubled. Examples: staff, ball, pass
  • Two-Vowels Together: When two vowels are next to each other, the first vowel is usually long (the sound is the same as the sound of the letter) and the second vowel is silent. Examples: meat, seat, plain, rain, goat, road, lie, pie.
  • Vowel-Consonant-ePattern: When a short word, or the last syllable of a longer word, ends in this pattern vowel-consonant-e, then the first vowel is usually long and the eis silent. Examples: place, cake, mice, vote, mute.
  • Y as a long I: The letter y makes the long sound of i when it comes at the end of a short word that has no other vowel. Examples: cry, try, my, fly, by, hi.
  • Y as a long E: When y or ey ends a word in an unaccented syllable, the y has the long sound of e. Examples: money, honey, many, key, funny.
  • I before E: Write i before e when the sound is long e except after the letter c. Examples: relieve, relief, reprieve. When there is a c preceding, then it is ei : receipt, receive, ceiling, deceive, conceive.
  • E before I: Write e before i when the sound is long a. Examples: weight, freight, reign. Another way to remember this is: “I before e except after c, or when sounding like a as in neighbor and weigh.” When the ie/ei combination is not pronounced ee, it is usually spelled ei.
  • Oi or Oy: Use oi in the middle of a word and use oy at the end of a word. Examples: boil, soil, toil, boy, toy.
  • Ou or Ow: Use ou in the middle of a word and use ow at the end of words other than those that end in n or d. Examples: mouse, house, found, mount, borrow, row, throw, crow.

I am sure that this lesson will be extremely useful for you to improve your English pronunciation.

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